What it needs to be a Brahmin

Under Brahman Puran it has been mentioned—Narad questioned Brahma, “Who in this world is worthy of receiving the blessings of great Lord Vishnu?

Brahma politely replied, Lord Vishnu showers his blessings on everyone who does offer help to Brahmins also mentioning that not everyone is a Brahmin. Taking birth as a Brahmin doesn’t make one qualify as Brahmin, but he also need to follow all rituals as per Vedas. Ideally Brahmin is a one who respects everyone from his parents, teachers, gurus, guests. Doesn’t aspire for luxurious things, any woman other than his wife and most importantly should chants the Gayatri mantra regularly.

Brahmin should chants Gayatri mantra daily and only upon chanting it for specific number of times define the level of the Brahmin. This is necessary, because not all Brahmin can perform all kind of Puja. Not all Brahmin can ask for dakshina. One has to attain the particular level as Brahmin to be qualified as pure Brahmin. Gayatri mantra is considered so powerful mantra that only regular chanting of this mantra is supposed to bring all knowledge what you will attain after reading all four Vedas.  A Brahmin who does not know Gayatri mantra is seen as worse than a Shudra and anyone  who chants Gayatri mantra attains raise in the level as Brahmin

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9 Goddess 9 Days Its NAVARATRE

As mentioned in Durga Saptashati, Nine goddess are form Goddess Shakti only. Nine different incarnation of Goddess Shakti are Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kala Ratri (Kaalratri), Maha Gowri and Siddhidayini. 

Lets find out which Goddess is worshiped on which day of Navarati.

                                                  Day 1- Maa Shaila Putri

Maa Shailaputri is also known as Maa Parvati or Hemavati. Also she is believed to be rebirth of “Sati”, Daughter of King Daksha who got married to Lord Shiva and took rebirth as Parvati and became second wife of Lord Shiva. Maa Shailaputri is the absolute form of Mother Nature.

           Day 2-  Maa Brahmacharini

Maa Brahmacharini means a devoted female student who lives in an Ashrama with her Guru along with other students.[1] It is also the name of the second aspect of Goddess Durga(Parvati).[2] The Goddess is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. The goddess Brahmacharini wears white clothes, holds a japa mala(rosary) in her right hand and Kamandal, a water utensil in her left hand.She is also known as Tapashcharini, Aparna and Uma.

Day 3- Maa Chandraghanta

Maa Chandraghanta is the third form of Goddess Durga. Her name ChandraGhanta, means “one who has a half-moon shaped like a bell. Her third eye is always opened and she always ready for war against demons”. She is also known as Chandrakhanda, Chandika or Rannchandi. Her worship takes place on the third day of Navaratri . She is believed to reward people with her grace, bravery and courage. By her grace all the sins, distresses, physical sufferings, mental tribulations and ghostly hurdles of the devotees are eradicated.

Day 4- Maa Kushmanda

Kushmanda is a Hindu goddess, credited with creating the world with her divine smile. Followers of the Kalikula tradition believe her to be the fourth form of the Hindu goddess Durga. Her name signals her main role: Ku means “a little”, Ushma means “warmth” or “energy” and Anda means “cosmic egg”. Maa Kushmanda is worshiped on the fourth day of the festival of Navratri. She is believed to improve health and bestow wealth and strength

Day 5- Skanda Mata

Skanda Mata is one of the names of Subrahmanya or Lord Muruga or Kartik – the General of the Army of the Devas and the most handsome God. Skanda Mata is the mother of Kartik. She is also known as Padmasana.

Day 6 – Maa Katyayani

Maa Katyayani is believed to be the daughter Sage Katyaof Durga.  She is epitome of love but won’t hesitate to rise up in anger to defend righteousness and Dharma.

Day 7- Maa Kalaratri

Maa Kaalratri (sometimes spelled Kalaratri) is the seventh form amongst the Navadurga. Goddess Kaalratri is widely regarded as one of the many destructive forms of Mother Goddess – Kali, Mahakali, Bhadrakali, Bhairavi, Mrityu, Rudrani, Chamunda, Chandi and Durga.Kaalratri is traditionally worshipped during the nine nights of Navratri celebrations.[3] The seventh day of Navratri pooja (Hindu prayer ritual) in particular is dedicated to her and she is considered the fiercest form of the Mother Goddess, her appearance itself invoking fear. This form of Goddess is believed to be the destroyer of all demon entities, ghosts, spirits and negative energies, who flee upon knowing of her arrival

 Day 8- Maa Mahagauri

Maa Mahagauri(Devnagari: महागौरी) is the eighth manifestation of goddess Durga and amongst the Navadurgas. Mahagauri is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Mahagauri has the power to fulfill all the desires of her devotees. The one who worships the goddess gets relief from all the sufferings in life.[1] Mahagauri has four arms. Her right arm is in the pose of allaying fear and right lower hand holds a trident in it. She holds a tambourine in her left upper arm and the lower one is in the form of a blessing.

Day 9-  Maa Siddhidatri

Maa Siddhidatri is the ninth form of the Goddess Durga, the meaning of her name is as follows: Siddhi means supernatural power or meditative ability, and Dhatrimeans giver or awarder. She is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri, she fulfills all the divine aspirations and completes the mundane.[1][2]

In this form Durga is seated on a lotus and is four-armed. She holds a lotusmaceSudarshana Chakra and shankha. In this form Durga removes ignorance and she provides the knowledge to realize that or Brahman. She is surrounded by SiddhasGandharvasYakshasAsura (Demons) and Devata(Gods) who are worshipping her. The Siddhi that she provides is the realization that only she exists. She is the mistress of all achievements and perfections.

*We thankful to Wikipedia and Hindu Blog posts for the reference required to complete this post.

MAA SHAILAPUTRI
Worshiped on First day of Navaratri
MAA BRAHMACHARINI
She is worshiped on second day of Navratri
MAA CHANDRAGHANTA
She is worshiped on third day of Navaratri
MAA KUSHAMANDA
She is worshiped on fifth day of Navratri
SKAND MATA
She is worshiped on fifth day of Navratri
MAA KUSHAMANDA
She is worshiped on fourth day of Navratri
MAA KATYAYANI
She is worshiped on sixth day of Navratri
MAA KALARATRI
She is worshiped on seventh day of Navratri
MAA MAHAGAURI
She is worshiped on 8th day of Navratri
MAA SIDDHADATRI
She is worshiped on 9th day of Navratri

Man-Lion (Narsimha), Dwarf (Vamana) and Parshurama Avatars.

4.Man -Lion

Hiranyaksha had a brother named Hiranyakashipu. Hiranyakashipu was furious to learn that his

brother had been killed and he sweared to kill Vishnu. But this could not be done unless he

himself became powerful and invincible. Hiranyakashipu, therefore, began to pray to Brahma

through difficult meditation. Brahma was pleased at these prayers and offered to grant a boon.

“I want to be invincible,” said Hiranyakashipu. “Please grant me the boon that I may not be

killed by night or day; that I may not be killed by man or beast; and that I may not be killed in

the sky, the water or the earth.”

Brahma granted the desired boon. And Hiranyakashipu was happy. He thought that he had taken

care of all possible eventualities. And since he had become so powerful, he conquered all the

three worlds and kicked the gods out of heaven.

Hiranyakashipu had a son named Prahlada. You no doubt remember that Hiranyakashipu had

resolved to kill Vishnu. But strangely enough, Prahlada became devoted to Vishnu.

Hiranyakashipu tried to persuade his son. That did not work. He tried to kill his son. That too did

not work since each time, Vishnu intervened to save Prahlada.

Meanwhile, the gods had been driven off from heaven. They had also been deprived of their

shares in yajanas by Hiranyakashipu. These shares now went only to the asura king. In

desperation, they went and prayed to Vishnu and Vishnu promised them that he would find a

solution.

One day, Hiranyakashipu called Prahlada to him. “How is it that you escaped each time I tried to

kill you?” he asked.

“Because Vishnu saved me,” replied Prahlada. “Vishnu is everywhere.”

“What do you mean everywhere?” retorted Hiranyakashipu. He pointed to a crystal pillar inside

the palace and asked, “Is Vishnu inside this pillar as well?”

“Yes,” replied Prahlada.

“Very well then. I am going to kick the pillar,” said Hiranyakashipu.

When Hiranyakashipu kicked the pillar, it broke into two. And from inside the pillar, Vishnu

emerged in his form of half-man and half-lion. He caught hold of Hiranyakashipu and placed the

demon across his thighs. And with his claws, he tore apart the demon’s chest and so killed him.

Brahma’s boon had been that Hiranyakashipu would not be killed by man or beast. But then

narasimha was neither man nor beast it was half-man and half-beast. The boon had said that the

asura would not be killed in the sky, the water or the earth. But Hiranyakashipu was killed on

Vishnu’s thighs, which were not the sky, the water or the earth. And finally, the boon had

promised that Hiranyakashipu would not be killed by night or day. Since the incident took place

in the evening, it was not night or day.

After Hiranyakashipu died, the gods were restored to their rightful places. Vishnu’s made

Prahlada the king of the asuras.

 

5.The Dwarf

Prahlada’s grandson was Bali and Bali became very powerful. When he was the king of the

asuras, there was a war between the devas and the asuras. The gods were defeated and were

driven off from svarga. As always, the gods fled to Vishnu and began to pray to him to save

them. Vishnu assured the gods that he would do something about Bali.

Accordingly, Vishnu was born as the son of Aditi and Kashyapa. The son was a dwarf.

King Bali had arranged for a huge sacrifice and had announced that, on the occasion of the

sacrifice, he would not refuse anyone a boon. The dwarf arrived at this sacrifice and began to

recite the Vedas. Bali was so pleased at this that he offered the dwarf a boon. Bali’s guru (teacher)

was Shukracharya and Shukracharya thought that there was something fishy about the way the

dwarf had arrived. So he tried to restrain Bali.

“No,” said Bali. “I have offered a boon and I shall stick to my word.”What boon do you desire? I

will give whatever you want.”

Before a boon was actually granted, a small rite had to be performed with holy water.

Shukracharya was still trying to do his best to prevent the boon from being given. So he entered

the vessel in which the holy water was kept to seal the mouth of the vessel and prevent the water

from being taken out. To get at the holy water, the vessel was pierced with a straw. This straw

also pierced one of Shukracharya’s eyes. Ever since that day, the preceptor of the demon has

been one eyed.

“Give me as much of land as may be covered in three of my steps,” said the dwarf. “I need this as

Dakshina (fee) for my guru.”

Bali agreed. But the dwarf adopted a gigantic form. With one step he covered bhuloka. With

another step he covered bhuvarloka. And with the last step he covered svarloka. The three worlds

were thus lost to Bali and Vishnu returned them to Indra. Bali had no option but to go down to

the underworld (patala). But so pleased was Vishnu at Bali’s generosity that he granted the asura

                       6.Parashurama Avatar

The kshatriyas were the second of the four classes. It was their job to wear arms and protect the

world. And rule. The brahmanas were the first of the four classes. It was their job to pray, study

the sacred texts and perform religious rites. But the kshatriyas became very insolent and began to

oppress the world and the brahmanas. Vishnu was then born as the son of the sage Jamadagni

and his wife Renuka. Since this was the line of the sage Bhrigu, Parashurama was also called

Bhargava. Parashurama’s mission was to protect the brahmanas and teach a lesson to the

kshatriyas.

There was a king named Kartavirya who had received all sorts of boons from the sage

Dattatreya. Thanks to these boons, Kartavirya had a thousand arms and conquered and ruled over

the entire world. One day, Kartavirya went on a hunt to the forest. He was very tired after the

hunt and was invited by the sage Jamadagni who had Kamadhenu cow. This meant that the cow

produced whatever its owner desired. Jamadagni used the Kamadhenu to treat Kartavirya and all

his soldiers to a sumptuous feast.

Kartavirya was so enamoured of the Kamadhenu that he asked the sage to give it to him. But

Jamadagni refused. Kartavirya then abducted the cow by force and a war started between

Kartavirya and Parashurama. In this war, Parashurama cut off Kartavirya’s head with his axe

(parashu) and brought the Kamadhenu back to the hermitage.

After some time, Parashurama was away when Kartavirya’s sons arrived at the ashrama and

killed Jamadagni. On the death of his father, Parashurama’s anger was aroused. He killed all the

kshatriyas in the world twenty-one times. On the plains of Kurukshetra, he built five wells which

were filled with the blood of kshatriyas. Eventually, Parashurama handed over the world to

Kashyapa and went and lived on Mount Mahendra.

the boon that he would bear the title of Indra in the future.

Boar(Varah) Avatar

Boar Avatar ( Varaha Avatar)

Vishnu’s next incarnation was in the form of a boar.

The sage Kashyapa and his wife Diti had a son named Hiranyaksha. He became the king of the asuras. Hiranyaksha’s meditation pleased Brahma and Brahma granted him the boon that he would be invincible in any battle. Thus armed. Hiranyaksha went out to fight with the devas. He comprehensively defeated the gods and conquered heaven. He also defeated Varuna, the god of the ocean. Thus, Hiranyaksha became the king of the heaven, the earth and the underworld.

But the asura was not particularly fond of the earth. He himself had begun to live in Varuna’s

palace under the ocean. So he hurled the earth into the depths of the ocean.

The gods went to Vishnu and prayed that something might be done about Hiranyaksha. They

wished to be restored to heaven and they wished that the earth might be brought back from the depths of the ocean. In response to these prayers, Vishnu adopted the form of a boar and entered the ocean. Who should he meet there but Hiranyaksha himself?

Hiranyaksha of course did not know that this boar was none other than Vishnu. He thought that it was an ordinary boar and attacked it. The two fought for many years. But finally, Hirankysaha was gored to death by the boar’s tusks. The boar raised the earth up once again with its tusks.

Vishnu thus saved the gods and the principles of righteousness or dharma.

Turtle (Kurma) Avatar

Turtle Avatar (Kurma Avatar)

Many years ago there was a war between the devas (gods) and the daityas (demons) and the gods

lost this war. They prayed to Vishnu to rescue them from the oppression of the demons. Vishnu

told Brahma and the other gods that they should have a temporary truce with the demons. The

two sides should get together to churn the ocean. Vishnu would ensure that the devas benefited

more from this churning of the ocean than the daityas did.

The truce was agreed upon and the two sides got ready to churn the ocean. The mountain

Mandara was used as a churning rod and great sake Vasuki as the rope for churning. The devas

grasped Vasuki’s tail and the daityas grasped Vasuki’s head. But as the churning began, the

mountain Mandara which had no base, started to get immersed in the ocean. What was to be

done? Lord Vishnu came to the rescue. He adopted the form of a turtle and the peak was

balanced on the turtle’s back.

As the churning continued, terrible poison named kalkuta emerged from the depths of the ocean

and was swallowed by Shiva. Shiva’s throat became blue from this poison and he is therefore

known as Nilakantha, blue of throat. The goddess Varunai, the goddess of wine (sura), came out

next. The gods readily accepted her and thus they came to be known as suras. But the demons

rejected Varunai and were therefore known as asuras. She was followed by the Parijata tree, a

beautiful tree that came to occupy the pride of place in Indra’s garden. A jewel named koustubha

emerged and was accepted by Vishnu as his adornment. Three wonderful animals came out next

– the cow Kapila, the horse Ucchaishrava and the elephant Airavata. They were followed by the

apsaras, beautiful women who became the dancers of heaven. They were known as apsaras

because they emerged from ap (water). The goddess Lakshmi or Sri came out next and was

united with Vishnu.

Finally, Dhanvantari emerged with a pot of amrita (the life – giving drink) in his hands.

Dhanvantari was the originator of medicine (ayurveda). The daityas led by Jambha gave half of

the amrita to the devas and departed with the remaining half.

But Vishnu quickly adopted the form of a beautiful woman. So beautiful was the woman that the

demons were charmed. “Pretty lady,” they said. ” Take the amrita and serve it to us. Marry us.”

Vishnu accepted the amrita, but he had no intention of giving it to the demons. He served it to

the gods instead. There was only one demon who was somewhat clever. His name was Rahu. He

adopted the form of Chandra, the moon-god, and succeeded in drinking some of the amrita. The

sun-god and the moon-god noticed what was happening and reported it to Vishnu. Vishnu

thereupon cut off Rahu’s head with a sword.

But Rahu had drunk the amrita, so he could not die. He prayed to Vishnu and Vishnu granted

him a boon. The boon was that occasionally Rahu would be permitted to swallow up the sun and

the complained about him. You can see this happening at the time of the solar and the lunar

eclipses. People who give alms during such eclipses are blessed.

The gods obtained the amrita and the demons did not. Thus, the gods became more powerful

than the demons. They defeated the demons and regained heaven.

Fish (Matsya) Avatar

Fish Avatar (Matsya Avatar)

It is mentioned in Agni Puran, Agni told Vashishtha the story of the fish incarnation.

Many years ago, the whole world was destroyed. The destruction in fact extended to all the three lokas (worlds) of bhuloka, bhuvarloka and svarloka. Bhuloka is the earth, svarloka or svarga is heaven and bhuvarloka is a region between the earth and heaven. All three worlds were flooded with water.

Vaivasvata Manu was the son of the sun-god. He had spent ten thousand years in prayers and

tapasya (meditation) in the hermitage Badrika. This hermitage was on the banks of the river

Kritamala. Once Manu came to the river to perform his ablutions. He immersed his hands in the water to get some water for his ablutions. When he raised them, he found that there was a small fish swimming in the water in the cup of his hands.

Manu was about to throw the fish back into the water when the fish said, “Don’t throw me back. I am scared of alligators and crocodiles and big fishes. Save me.”

Manu found an earthen pot in which he could keep the fish. But soon the fish became too big for the pot and Manu had to find a larger vessel in which the fish might be kept. But the fish became too big for this vessel as well and Manu had to transfer the fish to a take. But the fish grew and grew and became too large for the lake. So Manu transferred the fish to the ocean. In the ocean, the fish grew until it became gigantic.

By now, Manu’s wonder knew no bounds. He said, “Who are you? You must be Lord

Vishnu, I bow down before you. Tell me, why are you tantalising me in the form of a fish?”

The fish replied, “I have to punish the evil and protect the good. Seven days from now, the ocean will flood the entire world and all beings will be destroyed. But since you have saved me, I will save you. When the world is flooded, a boat will arrive here. Take the saptarshis (seven sages) with that boat. Don’t forget to take the seeds of foodgrains with you. I will arrive and you will then fasten the boat to my horn with a huge snake.”

Saying this, the fish disappeared.

Everything happened as the fish had promised it would. The ocean became turbulent and Manu climbed into the boat. He tied the boat to the huge horn that the fish had. He prayed to the fish and the fish related the Matsya Purana to him. Eventually, when the water receded, the boat was anchored to the topmost peak of the Himalayas. And living beings were created once again.

A danava (demon) named Hayagriva had stolen the sacred texts of the Vedas and the knowledge of the Brahman. In his form of a fish, Vishnu also killed Hayagriva and recovered the Vedas.

Avatars…What was the need..

Avatar, yes, one of the highest ever box office grossing movie by James Cameron was also based on the name originated from Hindu Mythology. Avatar means Incarnation, specifically incarnation of God in human body.
But what made God take this step and adopt human form?
There can be a question that what was the requirement that Lord Vishnu took so many different Avatars when he could have killed the asuras being himself? Why he took so many years to punish evils like Ravana, Kansa in different eras when they could have been killed even before they performing their evil deeds or God could have a direct fight with them and punish.
To answer this, one must understand the actual reasoning behind the Avatars. Avatars are taken by God from time to time and the sole purpose is to swipe clean the evil mentality which has creeped up and benefit the overall society. As also mentioned in one of the famous Geeta shlok…
यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत ।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् 
 
परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे
Meaning
Whenever there is decay of righteousness, O Bharata,
And there is exaltation of unrighteousness, then I Myself come forth;
 
For the protection of the good, for the destruction of evil-doers,
For the sake of firmly establishing righteousness, I am born from age to age.
So this means that it is not about only killing the evil but to create the right vibes for truth to prevail. To change the system, it is necessary to be the part of the system so that everyone should understand what is right and what is wrong.
Other than that, no Avatar was taken to complete one task only. For example, taking example of Rama Avatar, Ravan was not the only reason behind. It was other many Asuras which Rama had killed over the period of their education days. Also, during the Vanvas, Devi Ahilya was freed from the curse and many other tasks like that were performed.
And more to that, Rama Avatar has set the right example of how one should live by following a disciplined life.
Another good example is Krishna Avatar, as Krishna performed various tasks during the life span right from Gokul to Mahabharata battle.
We would be sharing slight descriptions about different Avatars of Lord Vishnu mentioned in Agni Purana.
#agnipuran #dashavatar #dashavatars #vishnu #avatars

History Behind Konark (Konaditya)Temple

There is an ocean to the south of Bharat Varsh. One of the shores of this great ocean there is a land named Ondra or Utkala (present Orissa). Utkala is populated by religious people and the brahmins who live there are known to be learned in Hindu Vedas. They are very good priests, learned in the Puranas and the Shastras and are skilled in the art of sacrifices.
 In the land of Utkala, there is an image of the sun (Surya) known as Konaditya. The word Aditya also means the Sun, as does the word Ark. Thus, Konaditya is same as Konark, a corruption of the latter word being Konarak. The image of Konaditya is so wonderful that even if one keeps looking at the image, all their sins are forgiven.
All around the temple there is sand. But nevertheless, many trees grow around the temple. The best time to worship the sun there is at the time of sunrise. One has to face the east and draw a lotus flower on the ground with red sandalwood. The lotus flower must have exactly eight petals. A copper vessel has to be placed at the center of the flower and filled with paddy, sesamum water, red sandalwood, red flowers and sacred grass. One prays to Surya to descend on the lotus flower that has thus been drawn. If one worships Konaditya according to these prescribed rites, the sins of seven preceding generations are forgiven.
The twelve adityas are nothing but different forms of Surya. Their names are Indra. Dhata, Parjanya, Tvashta, Pusha Aryama, Bhaga Vivasvana, Vishnu, Amshumana, Varuna, and Mitra.
In the form of Indra, Surya destroys the enemies of the gods.
As Dhata, he creates living beings.
As Parjanya, he showers down rain.
As Tvashta, he lives in the trees and herbs.
As Pusha, he makes foodgrains grow.
As Aryama, he is in the wind.
As Bhaga, he is in the body of all living beings.
As Vivasvana, he is in fire and helps to cook food.
As Vishnu, he destroys the enemies of the gods.
As Amshumana, he is again in the wind.
As Varuna, Surya is in the waters and as Mitra, he is in the moon and in the oceans.
In each month of the year, it is a different aditya that shines. Indra shines in the month of Ashvina,
Dhat in Kartika,
Parjanya in Shravana,
Tvashta in Falguna,
Pusha in Pousha,
Aryama in Vaishakha,
Bhaga in Magha,
Vivasvana in Jyaishtha,
Vishnu in Chaitra,
Amshumana in Ashada,
Varuna in Bhadra and Mitra in Agrahayana.
Vishnu has twelve hundred rays
Aryama one thousand and three hundred
Vivasvana seventy-two,
Amshumana fifteen,
Parjanya seventy-two,
Varuna one thousand and three hundred,
Tvashta one thousand and one hundred,
Indra two thousand and two hundred,
Dhata eleven hundred,
Mitra one thousand and Pusha nine hundred.
Apart from the names of the twelve adityas, Surya has twelve other names as well. These are Aditya, Savita, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara, Martanda, Bhaskara, Bhanu, Chitrabhanu, Divakara and Ravi.
Brahma once recounted to the sages the one hundred and eight sacred names of Surya. The Brahma Puran lists these names and we reproduce them in nine groups of twelve names each.

Wealth, Kuber and his connection with Ravana

Kuber was the eldest son of Sage Vishrava. Vishrava had two wives. The first wife gave birth to Kuber and the second wife was a rakshasi (monstrous or female demon) and gave birth to Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana. Kuber used to rule in Lanka and his relations with his half-brothers were extremely good but Ravana’s mother did not like the idea of her sons mixing up so much with Kuber.

And ultimately one day she asked her sons, “What are you up to? Why do you cause me so much of pain? You are demons and Kuber is a God. Is it proper that you should be so friendly with him? The relation between gods and demons is one of enmity. Consider Kuber’s pomp and glory. Have you got anything like him to show for yourselves? Do something so as to improve your own statures.” 

Thus instructed by their mother, Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana went off to the forest to perform tapasya. They pleased Lord Brahma with their perseverant effort and desired the boon to win over the kingdom of Lanka. Ravana also obtained the boon of being invincible.

Thus fortified with the boons, the demons attacked Kuber and defeated him. They threw Kuber out of Lanka. Kuber possessed a beautiful Vimana named Pushpak. This was also obtained by Ravana. 

Ravana also announced that whoever will give refuge to Kuber, will be killed by him. This meant that no one dared give refuge or offered any help to Kuber.

Kuber sought the advice of his grandfather Pulastya. Pulastya told him that he must go to the banks of Goutami Ganga and pray to Lord Shiva there. Upon his honest prayers, Shiva appeared before Kuber and blessed him with the boon that Kuber will become the god of all wealth.

Why one name of Krishana means Coward-Kalayvan and Krishna Battle

It is a less heard story but is a good example of how ‘hidden clauses’ used to work in mythological era also. All Gods treat their deities equally irrespective of the reason why that person is seeking the blessings and many a times, in various stories, a God gets in trouble after giving a blessing to a deity with impure intentions as that person becomes invincible and creates troubles in other’s lives. So God always put a hidden clause in their blessing to counter evil consequences.

Coming to the story of Kalyavan…

As it has been mentioned in Purans that, mere taking birth in Brahmin family doesn’t make one qualify as a brahmin. One needs to follow all the rituals and discipline in life to be called as a Brahmin.

Kalayavan was one very good example of this. He was son of great Rishi Sheshirayan. Rishi Sheshirayan was attempting for getting the highest degree among brahmins, for which he followed celibacy for 12 years and in between that period someone once made fun of him of not being able to be a father, which he took as an insult and started meditating Lord Shiva. When Lord Shiva got happy with his meditation and granted a wish to Sheshirayan, he asked for a son with invincible powers. He expressed his desire of having a son who cannot be killed with any weapon in this world.

Lord Shiva happily agreed to his wish and even awarded him the kingsmanship and a health body. Then Sheshirayan and Apsara Rambha got together to have a child whom they named Kalayavan.

Later Kalayavan was adopted by King of Maleech, Kaal Jung and in this way Kalayavan became the king after demise of Kaal Jung. Since Kalayavan knew that he has a blessing of being invincible, arrogance started taking over his wisdom. He once asked Narad Muni to tell him whom he should fight to have equal competition? Narad Muni suggested him the name of Lord Krishna.

When Kalayavan challenged Krishna in the battlefield, suddenly Krishna started running away. This was a part of Krishna’s plan as Kalayavan also started following him seeing his back. It is considered to be a sin to see the back of any God and therefore Krishna had started running away just so as Kalayavan sees his back and the boon of invincibility given by Lord Shiva to Kalyavan diminishes.

Lord Krishna went inside one cave to hide where King Muchukunda was sleeping. King Muchukunda was blessed by Lord Indra (also considered as King of Gods), that whosoever will disturb his sleep will be turned in to ashes by a mere gaze towards that person. When Kalayavan followed Krishna right till the cave, this disturbed Muchukanda in his sleep and he mistook Kalyavan as Krishna, inevitable happened as Muchkunda opened his eyes, his gaze fell on Kalayavan who then immediately burnt to death.

Based on this story of Krishna running away from field an interesting name was given to Lord Krishna as “Ranchhod” as Rann means battle field and Chhod means running away.

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